Table 1

Five-year cumulative incidences of diabetes-related complications and death

Events over 5 yearsP
RAMP-DMUsual care
n%n%
Overall (RAMP-DM = 8,570, usual care = 8,570)
 Any complication1,31515.342,45528.65<0.001
  CVD1,05712.332,05423.97<0.001
   AMI2402.805296.17<0.001
   Other IHD3874.5292410.78<0.001
   Heart failure2913.406938.09<0.001
   Stroke4455.197278.48<0.001
  ESRD3914.566968.12<0.001
  STDR480.561742.03<0.001
 All-cause death6827.961,83021.35<0.001
Male (RAMP-DM = 4,121, usual care = 4,075)
 Any complication64215.581,20529.57<0.001
  CVD51012.3898324.12<0.001
   AMI1172.842666.53<0.001
   Other IHD1834.4449712.20<0.001
   Heart failure1363.302836.94<0.001
   Stroke2275.513388.29<0.001
  ESRD1854.493628.88<0.001
  STDR300.731112.72<0.001
 All-cause death3638.8190322.16<0.001
Female (RAMP-DM = 4,449, usual care = 4,495)
 Any complication67315.131,25027.93<0.001
  CVD54712.291,07123.93<0.001
   AMI1232.762635.88<0.001
   Other IHD2044.594279.54<0.001
   Heart failure1553.484109.16<0.001
   Stroke2184.903898.69<0.001
  ESRD2064.633347.46<0.001
  STDR180.40631.41<0.001
 All-cause death3197.1792720.72<0.001
  • RAMP-DM = 39,474 person-years, usual care = 38,498 person-years. AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; IHD, ischemic heart disease; STDR, sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.