Table 1

Patient characteristics

PC (n = 1,200)SC (n = 166)All patients (n = 1,366)
nnn
Age (years), mean (SD)1,19966.1 (9.7)16664.0 (10.1)*1,36565.8 (9.8)
Female sex1,12841.115744.61,28541.6
Ethnicity1,1241541,278
 Caucasian93.691.693.3
 Other6.48.46.7
Marital status1,1311561,287
 Married or cohabitating77.469.9*76.5
 Single22.630.123.5
Education level1,1161541,270
 Low34.830.534.3
 Intermediate44.546.844.8
 High20.722.720.9
Employment status1,0991521,251
 Having a job28.927.628.8
PAM-131,06960.2 (13.5)14959.2 (12.6)1,21860.1 (13.4)
Illness duration (years)9458 (4–14)14718 (12–25)*1,25310 (5–16)
Family history of diabetes1,11763.215466.21,27163.6
Number of comorbid conditions1,1211 (0–2)1542 (1–3)1,2751 (1–2)
HbA1c1,1231591,282
 %6.8 (6.4–7.3)7.7 (6.9–8.7)*6.8 (6.4–7.5)
 mmol/mol51 (46–56)61 (52–72)*51 (46–58)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD)1,120136.0 (14.9)158141.3 (19.9)*1,278136.6 (15.7)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD)1,12078.0 (9.1)15878.3 (11.9)1,27878.1 (9.5)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)1,11643.2 (15.5)13743.8 (16.1)1,25343.3 (15.5)
BMI (kg/m2)1,12229.3 (26.3–33.0)15230.7 (27.8–34.9)*1,27429.4 (26.4–33.2)
  • Data are the median (IQR) or n (%), unless otherwise indicated.

  • *Significant (P < 0.05) difference between diabetes patients in PC and SC.