Table 2

Comparison of comorbidities, by race/ethnicity, at diagnosis and over the first 3 years postdiagnosis

NHW (N = 671)*Hispanic (N = 216)*AA (N = 81)*PAA vs. NHWPHispanic vs. NHW
Dyslipidemia75 (12)48 (22)12 (15)0.57<0.001
Hypertension40 (7)15 (8)11 (15)0.009§0.77§
Thyroid disease16 (3)7 (3)1 (1)0.50§0.59§
Celiac disease34 (5)9 (4)1 (1)0.16§0.51§
Other autoimmune diseases20 (3)7 (3)6 (8)0.070.92
Depression6 (1)3 (1)2 (3)NANA
Severe hypoglycemia25 (4)16 (7)9 (11)0.004§0.03§
DKA228 (36)77 (36)42(53)0.0040.84
  • Data are n (%). NA, not applicable.

  • *Number of participants with missing or “unknown” data (NHW/AA/Hispanic): hypertension (54/17/8).

  • P value adjusted for age and sex.

  • ‡Limited to those tested at least three times (n = 848).

  • §P value adjusted for age, sex, and diabetes duration.

  • ‖No statistical comparison conducted owing to number of total cases <10.