Table 2

Income spent on medical costs in past year among adults with diabetes, 2009 and 2016

Family medical costsPrivate insurance premiums
Age 18–64 yearsAge ≥65 yearsAge 18–64 yearsAge ≥65 years
20092016200920162009201620092016
n1,5811,7231,1201,796520587337468
Overall4.1 (0.18)3.6 (0.14)*5.2 (0.25)4.2 (0.19)*3.8 (0.20)4.5 (0.21)7.8 (0.52)5.0 (0.32)*
Family income ($)§
 0–34,9996.3 (0.40)4.8 (0.30)*7.1 (0.40)5.8 (0.34)*12.2 (2.28)10.0 (1.47)12.8 (0.58)11.0 (1.13)
 35,000–49,9993.8 (0.24)3.8 (0.32)3.7 (0.34)3.8 (0.31)4.0 (0.80)6.8 (1.11)5.5 (0.71)5.5 (0.37)
 50,000–74,9992.7 (0.16)3.7 (0.32)2.7 (0.25)2.8 (0.20)4.1 (0.47)4.3 (0.66)3.1 (0.34)4.1 (0.39)
 75,000–99,9992.1 (0.20)2.4 (0.22)2.3 (0.33)2.0 (0.21)2.7 (0.38)3.4 (0.41)4.5 (0.95)3.1 (0.61)
 ≥100,0001.9 (0.16)2.2 (0.13)2.3 (0.27)2.1 (0.19)3.0 (0.29)3.9 (0.31)2.5 (0.66)2.4 (0.37)
  • Data are % (SE).

  • *P < 0.05 for 2016 vs. 2009 within each age strata.

  • †Family medical costs are the midpoint of the following categories: $0, <$500, $500–$1,999, $2,000–$2,999, $3,000–$4,999, ≥$5,000. Values ≥$5,000 are coded as $5,000. Family medical costs include out-of-pocket costs for medical and dental care and exclude health insurance premiums, over-the-counter drugs, and reimbursed costs.

  • ‡Among those with private insurance. Private insurance premiums are median costs. Values ≥$20,000 are coded as $20,000.

  • §Denominators are the midpoint of family income category.