Table 3

Means over time by STePS study group—PRP T1D and advanced diabetes education

MeasurePRP T1DAdvanced diabetes education
Baseline4 months8 months12 months16 monthsBaseline4 months8 months12 months16 months
DD72.1 ± 28.367.4 ± 26.266.2 ± 26.262.5 ± 26.862.8 ± 26.574.2 ± 25.070.1 ± 26.169.9 ± 27.268.4 ± 29.168.7 ± 27.6
Depressive symptoms7.6 ± 6.17.9 ± 7.07.8 ± 7.48.5 ± 8.78.5 ± 8.57.9 ± 6.37.7 ± 6.97.9 ± 7.07.3 ± 6.98.5 ± 8.0
Diabetes management53.4 ± 8.554.0 ± 8.253.1 ± 9.452.7 ± 9.352.8 ± 9.654.7 ± 7.154.2 ± 8.453.2 ± 9.252.4 ± 9.252.4 ± 9.3
A1C (%)9.1 ± 1.99.1 ± 1.99.0 ± 1.89.2 ± 2.09.3 ± 1.99.1 ± 2.09.0 ± 2.09.1 ± 1.99.0 ± 1.89.1 ± 1.9
Resilience characteristics
 Mastery and relatedness178.4 ± 26.7181.1 ± 26.8181.6 ± 28.4182.2 ± 31.4179.4 ± 33.2179.4 ± 24.7180.6 ± 27.1180.4 ± 28.4180.3 ± 27.0178.9 ± 28.4
 Automatic thoughts49.4 ± 21.948.1 ± 21.648.8 ± 25.647.7 ± 26.449.9 ± 25.149.2 ± 20.348.1 ± 21.949.2 ± 22.947.7 ± 22.450.3 ± 24.1
 Coping efficacy24.6 ± 4.425.4 ± 4.325.1 ± 4.525.3 ± 4.725.5 ± 4.924.8 ± 4.025.7 ± 3.825.6 ± 4.225.6 ± 4.225.6 ± 4.2
 Diabetes resilience48.9 ± 8.649.3 ± 8.648.6 ± 9.048.4 ± 9.949.1 ± 9.649.0 ± 7.149.0 ± 8.148.1 ± 8.448.4 ± 8.948.5 ± 8.4
 Social problem solving13.0 ± 2.812.9 ± 2.813.2 ± 2.713.0 ± 3.013.1 ± 3.112.8 ± 2.512.7 ± 2.712.8 ± 2.612.7 ± 3.012.7 ± 2.7
  • Data are means ± SD.