Table 1

Average glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, lipid, and lipoprotein levels from childhood to early adulthood according to number of dietary targets met in all participants of the STRIP study

Score
0123P for trend
Adjusted mean#SE95% CIAdjusted mean#SE95% CIAdjusted mean#SE95% CIAdjusted mean#SE95% CI
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)4.800.014.78–4.834.760.014.73–4.794.790.024.75–4.824.740.034.69–4.790.003
Fasting insulin (mU/L)7.160.126.92–7.407.000.146.72–7.286.830.186.47–7.206.470.275.95–6.99<0.001*
HOMA-IR1.530.031.48–1.591.520.031.45–1.581.470.051.38–1.561.390.061.27–1.520.003*
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.350.024.31–4.394.310.024.27–4.354.260.024.22–4.314.210.034.15–4.26<0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.680.022.64–2.722.650.022.61–2.692.630.022.59–2.682.600.032.54–2.66<0.0001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.220.011.21–1.231.210.011.19–1.221.210.011.20–1.231.180.011.17–1.200.0002
Non-HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.130.023.09–3.173.100.023.06–3.143.050.023.01–3.093.020.022.97–3.08<0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.840.010.82–0.860.850.010.83–0.880.830.020.81–0.860.840.020.80–0.880.64*
ApoB/ApoA1 ratio0.600.010.59–0.610.600.010.60–0.610.590.010.58–0.600.600.010.59–0.610.03
  • #Age- and sex-adjusted.

  • *Log-transformed.