Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants according to outcome status

Subcohort (n = 692)aCase subjects with T2D (n = 250)
Age (years)66.5 (5.7)66.4 (5.7)
Women (%)6355.2
BMI (kg/m2)29.9 (3.6)30.8 (3.3)
Waist circumference (cm)100 (11)103 (10)
LTPA (METS-min/day)238 (238)249 (234)
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)98 (14)117 (18)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)56.9 (14.2)52.8 (11.6)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)138.3 (30.5)135.0 (30.2)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)219.9 (35.6)218.4 (39.1)
Triglycerides (mg/dL)129.8 (92.2–149.3)b160.9 (109–180)b
Dyslipidemia (%)8580
Hypertension (%)9196
Smoking
 Nonsmoker (%)6153
 Current smoker (%)1625
 Former smoker (%)2322
Total energy intake (kcal/day)2,276 (564)2,321 (616)
Adherence to MedDiet8.6 (2.0)8.4 (2.0)
Intervention group (%)
 Control (%)3236
 MedDiet + EVOO (%)3130
 MedDiet + nuts (%)3734
  • Data are mean (SD) unless otherwise indicated. LTPA, leisure-time physical activity.

  • aIncluding 53 overlapping cases.

  • bMedian (interquartile range).