Table 3

HR and 95% CI of avascular necrosis of the femoral head associated with diabetes and comorbidities

CrudeAdjusted
VariableHR95% CIHR95% CI
Sex (male vs. female)1.311.12–1.551.301.25–1.35
Age (every 1 year)1.011.004–1.021.011.003–1.01
Diabetes (yes vs. no)1.371.14–1.651.161.11–1.21
Baseline comorbidities (yes vs. no)
 Alcohol-related disease4.543.46–5.943.803.56–4.05
 Cardiovascular disease1.531.28–1.811.111.06–1.17
 Chronic kidney disease1.671.18–2.371.241.14–1.35
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease1.581.30–1.921.181.13–1.24
 Hyperlipidemia1.391.17–1.661.111.06–1.16
 Hypertension1.491.27–1.751.171.12–1.22
 Hip fracture4.963.02–8.154.213.75–4.73
 Thalassemia2.350.76–7.292.081.60–2.70
 Oral corticosteroid use1.501.25–1.801.341.28–1.39
  • †Adjusting for sex, age, alcohol-related disease, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, hip fracture, thalassemia, and oral corticosteroid use.