Table 3

Associations between body composition biomarkers and diabetes risk by race/ethnicity

Overall (n = 9,695)NHW (NHW) (n = 7,760)Black or African American (n = 1,210)Hispanic/Latina (n = 598)P for interaction (black vs. NHW)P for interaction(Hispanic vs. NHW)
Whole-body fat
 Quartile
  11111
  21.49 (1.24–1.80)1.41 (1.14–1.74)1.84 (1.05–3.23)1.92 (0.90–4.09)
  32.11 (1.77–2.53)2.13 (1.75–2.61)1.98 (1.15–3.40)2.95 (1.40–6.20)
  43.11 (2.61–3.71)3.13 (2.56–3.82)2.91 (1.75–4.84)4.76 (1.25–10.05)
 In continuous**1.41 (1.34–1.48)1.47 (1.38–1.56)1.22 (1.10–1.35)1.59 (1.29–1.96)0.020.90
Whole-body fat percent
 Quartile
  11111
  21.35 (1.14–1.61)1.25 (1.03–1.53)1.64 (1.03–2.61)2.43 (1.13–5.23)
  31.77 (1.50–2.09)1.74 (1.44–2.11)1.85 (1.19–2.87)2.36 (1.11–5.02)
  42.15 (1.82–2.54)2.11 (1.74–2.56)2.18 (1.40–3.38)3.28 (1.56–6.90)
 In continuous**1.35 (1.28–1.44)1.38 (1.29–1.48)1.23 (1.07–1.41)1.40 (1.09–1.80)0.480.96
Trunk fat
 Quartile
  11111
  21.33 (1.10–1.62)1.33 (1.06–1.65)1.70 (0.98–2.94)1.34 (0.55–3.28)
  32.17 (1.81–2.60)2.11 (1.72–2.59)2.27 (1.35–3.82)2.96 (1.28–6.83)
  43.77 (3.16–4.49)3.92 (3.21–4.79)3.54 (2.15–5.84)4.94 (2.13–11.44)
 In continuous**1.57 (1.49–1.65)1.60 (1.51–1.69)1.40 (1.25–1.58)1.81 (1.47–2.23)0.270.62
Trunk-to-leg fat ratio
 Quartile
  11111
  21.56 (1.30–1.88)1.47 (1.18–1.83)1.79 (1.21–2.64)1.68 (0.54–5.27)
  32.29 (1.92–2.73)2.16 (1.76–2.66)2.56 (1.74–3.76)3.28 (1.13–9.54)
  43.78 (3.19–4.48)3.67 (3.01–4.48)3.78 (2.53–5.64)5.05 (1.77–14.40)
 In continuous**1.54 (1.48–1.61)1.52 (1.44–1.60)1.69 (1.49–1.93)1.81 (1.49–2.20)0.030.14
  • Data are HR (95% CI).

  • **When anthropometric measures were analyzed as continuous variables, the corresponding HR presents increased risk of diabetes per 1 increased SD.