Table 1

Baseline information between groups with and without diabetes

Without diabetes (n = 111,476)With diabetes (n = 27,869)
Variablen%n%P value*
Sex0.99
 Female50,05244.912,51344.9
 Male61,42455.115,35655.1
Age-group (years)0.99
 20–3928,50825.57,12725.5
 40–6445,09240.511,27340.5
 65–8437,87634.09,46934.0
Age (years), mean ± SD57.8 ± 13.158.7 ± 12.7<0.001
Baseline comorbidities
 Alcohol-related disease3,0562.741,5685.63<0.001
 Cardiovascular disease25,59823.010,50037.8<0.001
 Chronic kidney disease4,1403.711,5515.57<0.001
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease18,17416.35,64120.2<0.001
 Hyperlipidemia21,09918.911,96442.9<0.001
 Hypertension38,38834.417,21561.8<0.001
 Hip fracture8550.772590.930.01
 Thalassemia3120.28800.290.84
 Oral corticosteroid use73,04665.519,82971.2<0.001
  • 2 test comparing subjects with and without diabetes.

  • †Student t test comparing subjects with and without diabetes.