Table 1

Baseline characteristics and body composition biomarkers by race/ethnicity*

NHWAmerican Indian or Alaskan NativeAsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic/Latina
Number of women, n115,4125243,48411,3705,322
Age-group (years), n (%)
 50–5937,129 (32.2)236 (45.0)1,270 (36.5)4,944 (43.5)2,737 (51.4)
 60–6952,393 (45.4)198 (37.8)1,454 (41.7)4,752 (41.8)2,046 (38.4)
 70–7925,890 (22.4)90 (17.2)760 (21.8)1,674 (14.7)539 (10.1)
Education, n (%)
 High school diploma or less23,794 (20.6)151 (28.8)701 (20.1)2,751 (24.2)2,260 (42.5)
 Some college/technical training43,238 (37.5)243 (46.4)1,199 (34.4)4,372 (38.5)1,841 (34.6)
 College graduate or some postcollege27,188 (23.6)77 (14.7)958 (27.5)1,881 (16.5)668 (12.6)
 Master’s degree or higher20,448 (17.7)48 (9.2)599 (17.2)2,230 (19.6)461 (8.7)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Never smoked57,161 (49.5)253 (48.3)2,514 (72.2)5,555 (48.9)3,317 (62.3)
 Past smoker49,453 (42.8)200 (38.2)816 (23.4)4,308 (37.9)1,532 (28.8)
 Current smoker7,457 (6.5)56 (10.7)137 (3.9)1,280 (11.3)367 (6.9)
Alcohol intake, n (%)
 Nondrinker9,924 (8.6)73 (13.9)1,311 (37.6)1,879 (16.5)1,003 (18.8)
 Past drinker17,903 (15.5)123 (23.5)662 (19.0)3,433 (30.2)1,123 (21.1)
 <1 drink per month13,994 (12.1)64 (12.2)510 (14.6)1,531 (13.5)704 (13.2)
 <1 drink per week24,268 (21.0)101 (19.3)543 (15.6)2,151 (18.9)1,137 (21.4)
 1 to <7 drinks per week33,062 (28.6)113 (21.6)343 (9.8)1,695 (14.9)991 (18.6)
 7+ drinks per week15,558 (13.5)43 (8.2)100 (2.9)526 (4.6)260 (4.9)
Relative had adult diabetes, n (%)
 No77,625 (67.3)274 (52.3)2,045 (58.7)5,247 (46.1)2,804 (52.7)
 Yes32,950 (28.5)196 (37.4)1,179 (33.8)4,883 (42.9)2,126 (39.9)
Total METs per week, mean (SD)13.0 (13.8)12.4 (15.4)13.2 (14.1)9.9 (13.1)10.6 (13.9)
Total HEI-2005 score, mean (SD)67.6 (10.6)65.0 (11.3)70.9 (9.2)63.0 (11.9)65.7 (10.6)
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)27.4 (5.6)29.2 (5.8)24.5 (4.3)30.9 (6.6)28.8 (5.7)
WC (cm), mean (SD)85.4 (13.3)89.9 (14.7)77.9 (10.1)90.7 (13.7)86.2 (12.6)
WHR, mean (SD)0.81 (0.081)0.83 (0.09)0.81 (0.07)0.82 (0.08)0.82 (0.08)
Body composition biomarkers among a subcohort, n7,76096311,210598
Whole-body fat mass (kg), mean (SD)31.2 (10.8)36.6 (11.3)20.7 (7.7)38.2 (13.0)32.3 (10.30)
Whole-body percent fat, mean (SD)43.4 (7.3)47.3 (6.8)36.0 (7.1)45.9 (7.0)45.0 (6.6)
Trunk fat mass (kg), mean (SD)14.4 (6.0)17.7 (6.1)9.6 (3.8)17.1 (6.4)15.7 (5.6)
Leg fat mass (kg), mean (SD)5.9 (2.0)6.5 (2.2)3.8 (1.5)7.4 (2.7)5.8 (1.9)
Trunk-to-leg fat ratio, mean (SD)2.5 (0.8)2.8 (0.9)2.6 (0.7)2.4 (0.7)2.8 (0.7)
  • *All difference tests across race/ethnicity were significant.