Table 3

Odds ratios (95% CI) of high cIMT across weight and metabolic status categories

Normal weightOverweightObese
Metabolically healthyMetabolically unhealthyMetabolically healthyMetabolically unhealthyMetabolically healthyMetabolically unhealthy
NCEP criteria
 Total1.00 (ref)1.44 (1.03–2.02)2.29 (1.58–3.32)3.49 (2.51–4.85)3.91 (2.46–6.21)6.96 (5.05–9.61)
 Boys1.00 (ref)2.18 (1.23–3.84)3.36 (1.89–5.97)5.47 (3.24–9.23)4.66 (2.33–9.29)10.97 (6.68–18.02)
 Girls1.00 (ref)1.18 (0.77–1.80)1.82 (1.10–3.03)2.63 (1.67–4.12)3.88 (2.03–7.42)4.86 (3.06–7.72)
IDF criteria
 Total1.00 (ref)1.65 (1.12–2.42)2.94 (2.15–4.02)2.97 (1.99–4.43)5.59 (3.96–7.91)6.41 (4.47–9.21)
 Boys1.00 (ref)2.64 (1.42–4.91)3.90 (2.39–6.39)5.32 (3.01–9.38)7.77 (4.67–12.94)9.53 (5.64–16.11)
 Girls1.00 (ref)1.20 (0.73–1.98)2.53 (1.67–3.83)1.69 (0.91–3.11)4.48 (2.72–7.39)4.74 (2.77–8.10)
  • Adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, and study center. ref, reference.

  • †Based on the NCEP criteria, metabolic status (metabolically healthy, no risk factors, and metabolically unhealthy, one or more risk factors) was defined as the presence/absence of the following four traditional cardiovascular risk factors: elevated BP, elevated TG, reduced HDL-C, and elevated fasting glucose.

  • ‡Based on the IDF criteria, metabolic status (metabolically healthy, no risk factors, and metabolically unhealthy, one or more risk factors) was defined as the presence/absence of the following four traditional cardiovascular risk factors: elevated BP, elevated TG, reduced HDL-C, and elevated fasting glucose.