Table 2

ORs and 95% CIs of incident DSPN according to anthropometric measures in KORA F4 (n = 513)

NCasesModel 1*Model 2Model 3
BMI (kg/m2)
 Normal weight (<25)12014111
 Overweight (25 to <30)245672.75 (1.45; 5.22)3.06 (1.57; 5.97)3.20 (1.57; 6.53)
 Obese (≥30)148463.31 (1.70; 6.47)3.47 (1.72; 7.00)3.21 (1.50; 6.87)
P trend0.0010.0020.017
BMI per 5 kg/m25131271.66 (1.27; 2.16)1.68 (1.28; 2.22)1.58 (1.17; 2.14)
Waist circumference (cm)
 WHO definition
  Low (M: <102, W: <88)24944111
  High (M: ≥102, W: ≥88)264832.17 (1.40; 3.36)2.06 (1.30; 3.26)1.87 (1.13; 3.08)
 IDF definition
  Low (M: <94, W: <80)10714111
  High (M: ≥94, W: ≥80)4061132.60 (1.40; 4.84)2.72 (1.42; 5.19)2.55 (1.28; 5.05)
Waist circumference per 5 cm5131271.25 (1.12; 1.39)1.24 (1.11; 1.39)1.21 (1.07; 1.36)
WHR
 Low (M: <0.95, W: <0.8)17335111
 High (M: ≥0.95, W: ≥0.8)340921.62 (1.01; 2.61)1.51 (0.91; 2.50)1.30 (0.76; 2.23)
WHR per 0.1 units5131271.83 (1.24; 2.68)1.79 (1.20; 2.67)1.60 (1.03; 2.49)
WHtR
 WHtR per 0.1 units5131271.73 (1.25; 2.38)1.68 (1.19; 2.35)1.51 (1.04; 2.18)
  • M, men; W, women.

  • *Model 1: adjusted for age and sex.

  • †Model 2: model 1 plus adjustment for socioeconomic status, smoking status, alcohol intake, physical activity, and height (not in models for BMI and WHtR).

  • ‡Model 3: model 2 plus adjustment for HbA1c, hypertension, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.