Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of the ESRD population at time of ESRD treatment initiation in 2000 vs. 2005 vs. 2010

Year of ESRD treatment initiation1
 Sex (women)46.644.543.0
 Age (mean, years)62.8 (15.5)63.3 (15.4)63.5 (15.1)
Current smoker4.96.26.4
Renal transplant (yes)14.814.511.9
Clinical measurements
 BMI27.1 (7.1)28.3 (7.7)29.5 (8.0)
 Serum creatinine (mg/dL)26.8 (2.5)6.2 (2.4)5.8 (2.4)
 Hemoglobin (g/dL)10.3 (9.0)10.3 (4.4)10.2 (15.1)
 Serum albumin (g/dL)2.3 (2.2)2.8 (1.8)3.2 (4.1)
 Congestive heart failure32.335.631.9
 Cerebrovascular disease9.210.39.4
 Peripheral vascular disease14.415.513.5
  • Data are % for categorical variables and mean (SD) for continuous variables. Data on clinical measurements and comorbidities were available for >80% of the population and demographic data were complete. Only variables that were collected at each time point (2000, 2005, and 2010) were included.

  • 1All comparisons are P < 0.05.

  • 2Due to outliers, we defined the mean (SD) of serum creatinine among the central 0.95 of the population, with creatinine defined as ≥0.6 and ≤13.7.