Table 1

Age-standardized incidence and prevalence of diabetes in 2006 and 2016 surveys in different populations in southern India

CityTownPUVs
200620162006201620062016
Incidencen = 1,962n = 3,386n = 2,094n = 3,132n = 2,466n = 2,335
 Total281.5 (0.9–2.1)1333.8 (3.1–4.4)*221.2 (0.6–1.8)1564.1 (3.5–4.8)*331.4 (0.9–1.9)401.7 (1.2–2.2)
 Men182.1 (1.1–3.1)673.9 (3.0–4.9)*91.3 (0.3–2.3)683.8 (2.9–4.8)*242.0 (1.1–2.8)201.8 (1.0–2.7)
 Women101.0 (0.3–1.7)663.5 (2.7–4.4)*131.0 (0.4–1.5)884.4 (3.5–5.3)*90.9 (0.2–1.6)201.5 (0.9–2.2)*
Prevalencen = 2,192n =3,850n = 2,290n = 3,530n = 2,584n = 2,468
 Total40918.6 (16.6–20.5)97021.9 (20.5–23.3)32316.4 (14.1–18.6)93120.3 (18.9–21.6) *2419.2 (8.0–10.5)34813.4 (11.9–14.8)*
 KDM25811.7 (9.1–14.3)59713.5 (12.4–14.6)21811.1 (8.2–14.0)55412.1 (11.1–13.1)1515.8 (4.3–7.3)1736.7 (5.7–7.7)*
 NDM1516.9 (6.2–7.6)3738.4 (7.5–9.3)*1055.3 (4.7–5.9)3778.2 (7.4–9.0)*903.4 (2.9–3.9)1756.7 (5.7–7.7)*
KDM:NDM1.71.62.11.51.71.0
Incidence/total KDM10.9 (6.4–13.8)22.3 (18.5–26.1)*10.1 (5.9–14.3)28.2 (23.8–32.6)*21.9 (14.4–29.4)23.1 (15.9–30.3)*
  • Data are shown as n and % (95% CI) unless otherwise specified. NDM, screen-detected new diabetes. P values computed by z test for 2006 vs. 2016.

  • * P < 0.0001.

  • P < 0.05.