Table 1

Baseline characteristics of people who never versus ever achieved NGR during DPP

Never NGR (sample size 2,181)Ever NGR (sample size 1,053)P
Race
 White1,206 (55)562 (53)0.0017
 Black437 (20)208 (20)
 Hispanic346 (16)162 (15)
 Asian101 (5)41 (4)
 American Indian91 (4)80 (8)
Sex
 Male714 (33)329 (31)0.3946
 Female1,467 (67)724 (69)
Medical history at baseline DPP
 Hypertension*496 (23)183 (17)0.0006
 Dyslipidemia793 (36)345 (27)0.0448
 Hormone-replacement use521 (24)239 (27)0.4541
 Age51.1 ± 10.849.7 ± 10.50.0004
 Baseline A1C (%)5.96 ± 0.515.81 ± 0.47<0.0001
 Average A1C during follow-up6.10 ± 0.705.76 ± 0.49<0.0001
 Aspirin (frequency/week)1.92 ± 1.551.90 ± 1.490.7371
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • *Hypertension defined as being on a blood pressure–lowering medication, systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg.