Table 1

Characteristics of participants with and without diagnosed anxiety

No anxiety diagnosisAny anxiety diagnosisTotal sampleP value
Number of people125,012 (87.1)18,561 (12.9)143,573 (—)
Characteristics in 2011
 Age, years63.7 ± 12.562.1 ± 12.663.5 ± 12.5<0.001
  18–394,266 (3.4)825 (4.4)5,091 (3.6)<0.001
  40–6462,685 (50.1)10,126 (54.6)72,811 (50.7)<0.001
  ≥6558,061 (46.4)7,610 (41.0)65,671 (45.7)<0.001
 Women57,355 (45.9)11,723 (63.2)69,078 (48.1)<0.001
 Race/ethnicity
  White58,683 (46.9)9,751 (52.5)68,434 (47.7)<0.001
  Nonwhite Hispanic/Latino24,987 (20.0)4,529 (24.4)29,516 (20.6)<0.001
  Asian/Pacific Islander26,896 (21.5)2,413 (13.0)29,309 (20.4)<0.001
  Black/African American13,610 (10.9)1,728 (9.3)15,338 (10.7)<0.001
  Native American836 (0.67)140 (0.75)976 (0.68)0.19
 Health plan type
  Commercial plan69,257 (55.4)10,216 (55.0)79,473 (55.4)0.36
  Medicare with special needs3,596 (2.9)1,047 (5.6)4,643 (3.2)<0.001
  Other Medicare51,272 (41.0)7,021 (37.8)58,293 (40.6)<0.001
  Medicaid for seniors/people with disabilities297 (0.24)132 (0.71)429 (0.30)<0.001
  Other Medicaid590 (0.47)145 (0.78)735 (0.51)<0.001
 DxCG0.84 ± 0.851.06 ± 0.990.87 ± 0.87<0.001
 HbA1c
  %7.4 ± 1.57.3 ± 1.57.4 ± 1.5<0.001
  mmol/mol57 ± 16.456 ± 16.457 ± 16.4
  Missing577 (0.46)69 (0.37)646 (0.45)0.09
 BMI, kg/m232.1 ± 7.033.1 ± 7.532.2 ± 7.1<0.001
  <18.5349 (0.28)45 (0.24)394 (0.28)0.37
  18.5–24.915,562 (12.5)2,030 (11.0)17,592 (12.3)<0.001
  25–29.937,737 (30.3)4,981 (26.9)42,718 (29.8)<0.001
  ≥3071,055 (57.0)11,489 (62.0)82,544 (57.6)<0.001
  Missing309 (0.25)16 (0.09)325 (0.23)<0.001
Other behavioral health diagnoses in 2008–2011
 Depression17,176 (13.7)9,811 (52.9)26,987 (18.8)<0.001
 Alcohol use disorders3,179 (2.5)1,138 (6.1)4,317 (3.0)<0.001
 Psychoses2,419 (1.9)1,635 (8.8)4,054 (2.8)<0.001
 Drug use disorders1,146 (0.92)926 (5.0)2,072 (1.4)<0.001
  • Data are n (%) or mean ± SD, unless otherwise specified.