Table 1

Participant characteristics at baseline

CC (n = 167)IC (n = 163)P
Age (years), mean (SD)36.22 (10.78)33.78 (9.77)0.581
Female, n (%)73 (43.7)73 (44.8)0.758
Marital status, n (%)
 Single67 (40.1)77 (47.2)0.102
 Relationship24 (14.4)26 (16.0)
 Married67 (40.1)54 (33.1)
 Divorced8 (4.8)4 (2.5)
 Widowed1 (0.6)2 (1.2)
Education, n (%)
 Without studies0 (0.0)1 (0.6)0.580
 Primary education32 (19.2)13 (8.0)
 Secondary education37 (22.2)35 (21.5)
 Vocational education and training39 (23.4)50 (30.7)
 University studies49 (23.3)61 (37.4)
 Postgraduate studies10 (6.0)1 (0.6)
Work, n (%)
 Employed80 (47.9)67 (41.1)0.425
 Self-employed15 (9.0)16 (9.8)
 Disability5 (3.0)0 (0.0)
 Student17 (10.2)32 (19.6)
 Unemployed44 (26.4)38 (23.3)
 Retired3 (1.8)2 (1.2)
 Household employed2 (1.2)1 (0.6)
 Other1 (0.6)3 (1.8)
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)26.0 (4.6)26.0 (4.6)0.869
Weight (kg), mean (SD)74.9 (15.7)75.3 (15.4)0.660
Height (cm), mean (SD)169.1 (9.2)170.8 (9.3)0.414
Abdominal perimeter (cm), mean (SD)87.3 (14.7)86.8 (13.6)0.683
Baseline HbA1c (%), mean (SD)7.1 (0.7)7.0 (0.6)0.317
HbA1c <6.5% or <48 mmol/mol, n (%)32 (19.2)29 (17.8)0.749
HbA1c <7% or <53 mmol/mol, n (%)68 (40.7)66 (40.5)0.966
CV >36%, % (n/N)82.5 (52/63)84.5 (60/71)0.759
Glucose measurements/day, mean (SD)3.9 (1.5)3.8 (1.6)0.406
Total cholesterol, mean (SD)173.5 (27.0)174.6 (29.4)0.868
HDL, mean (SD)63.9 (49.3)59.7 (17.7)0.692
LDL, mean (SD)96.8 (22.9)96.3 (25.4)0.909
VLDL, Mean (SD)14.1 (6.9)19.6 (18.0)0.895
Triglycerides, mean (SD)78.0 (44.7)90.8 (70.3)0.422
  • CV, coefficient of glucose variation.