Table 2

Incidence rates (95% CI) and 5-year cumulative incidence of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality associated with diabetes status

EventsIncidence rate (per 1,000 person-years)Incidence rate ratioIncidence rate difference (per 1,000 person-years)5-Year cumulative incidence, %
All-cause mortality
 Overall84927.6 (25.8, 29.5)12.6
 No diabetes24121.2 (18.7, 24.1)1 (Reference)0 (Reference)10.0
 Prediabetes22223.7 (20.8, 27.1)1.1 (0.9, 1.3)2.5 (−1.6, 6.6)10.7
 Newly diagnosed diabetes4433.8 (25.2, 45.5)1.6 (1.1, 2.2)12.6 (2.3, 23.0)15.5
 Short-duration diabetes13429.6 (25.0, 35.1)1.4 (1.1, 1.7)8.4 (2.7, 14.1)13.0
 Long-standing diabetes20848.6 (42.4, 55.7)2.3 (1.9, 2.8)27.4 (20.2, 34.5)21.5
Cardiovascular mortality
 Overall2548.2 (7.3, 9.3)3.9
 No diabetes665.8 (4.6, 7.4)1 (Reference)0 (Reference)2.7
 Prediabetes626.6 (5.2, 8.5)1.1 (0.8, 1.6)0.8 (−1.4, 3.0)3.3
 Newly diagnosed diabetes1511.5 (7.0, 19.1)2.0 (1.1, 3.5)5.7 (−0.3, 11.7)6.3
 Short-duration diabetes378.2 (5.9, 11.3)1.4 (0.9, 2.1)2.4 (−0.6, 5.4)3.4
 Long-standing diabetes7417.3 (13.8, 21.7)3.0 (2.1, 4.2)11.5 (7.3, 15.7)7.9