Table 2

Nutrient intakes pretrial and during both interventions

NutrientPrestudyLess-processed whole grainsFinely milled whole grainsP value difference between interventions
Energy (kJ)8,820 ± 1,9369,027 ± 2,6699,141 ± 2,1710.858
Fat (%TE)35 ± 630 ± 531 ± 60.455
Carbohydrates (%TE)46 ± 752 ± 651 ± 70.641
Protein (%TE)19 ± 417 ± 417 ± 30.914
Saturated fat (%TE)14.0 ± 3.512.2 ± 312.4 ± 30.790
Carbohydrates (g/day)241.7 ± 55285.6 ± 84287.4 ± 650.921
Sugar (g/day)83.1 ± 3078.0 ± 3480.6 ± 290.603
Starch (g/day)133.9 ± 38166.0 ± 54167.3 ± 460.937
Fiber (g/day)25.8 ± 940.0 ± 1138.3 ± 110.300
Carbohydrates at breakfast (g/day)55.8 ± 36.661.6 ± 31.960.9 ± 31.00.616
Carbohydrates at lunch (g/day)49.9 ± 30.355.0 ± 32.155.8 ± 33.10.841
Carbohydrates at dinner (g/day)67.4 ± 35.575.3 ± 45.477.9 ± 42.70.951
  • Data are mean ± SD. Variables that differed in both interventions from prestudy intakes were fat and carbohydrate (%TE) as well as carbohydrates, starch, and fiber (g/day). %TE, percentage of total energy provided to the diet by that macronutrient.