Table 4

Anthropometric, blood pressure, blood lipid, and inflammation measures

Intervention
Less-processed whole grainsFinely milled whole grains
MeasurePrePostPrePostP difference between interventions
Weight (kg)92.9 ± 21.192.4 ± 20.893.6 ± 21.094.0 ± 21.30.002
BMI (kg/m2)32.5 ± 7.032.2 ± 6.832.8 ± 6.932.9 ± 7.00.001
Fat mass (%)36.1 ± 10.935.6 ± 11.237.2 ± 10.737.1 ± 11.00.312
Systolic BP (mmHg)130 ± 15134 ± 17134 ± 17134 ± 150.161
Insulin* (pg/mL)497 ± 553425 ± 373414 ± 324452 ± 5130.234
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.17 ± 1.113.94 ± 1.164.38 ± 1.354.10 ± 1.220.346
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.11 ± 0.901.96 ± 0.892.22 ± 0.842.06 ± 0.860.803
HDL cholesterol* (mmol/L)1.32 ± 0.421.26 ± 0.401.30 ± 0.381.27 ± 0.380.312
Triglycerides* (mmol/L)1.64 ± 0.851.61 ± 0.821.58 ± 0.871.55 ± 0.990.954
CRP* (mg/L)3.73 ± 3.953.66 ± 4.313.75 ± 3.533.27 ± 3.110.052
AGP* (g/L)0.74 ± 0.240.82 ± 0.280.66 ± 0.260.64 ± 0.250.131
  • Data are mean ± SD. AGP, α-1-acid glycoprotein; BP, blood pressure; CRP, C-reactive protein.

  • * Log-transformed to address skew.