Table 3

Measures of glycemia calculated from CGM

MeasureLess-processed whole grainsFinely milled whole grainsP value difference between interventionsP value interaction with weight change
Meal responses (mmol/L/min)
 All-meal iAUC423 ± 210466 ± 1920.0220.555
 Breakfast iAUC449 ± 256525 ± 2480.0070.984
 Lunch iAUC412 ± 287440 ± 3040.6140.321
 Dinner iAUC391 ± 293415 ± 2770.1170.118
24-h measures
 Hours spent in range (3.9–10 mmol/L)15.49 ± 6.7715.18 ± 6.740.4660.383
 Hours spent above range (>10 mmol/L)7.90 ± 7.028.22 ± 7.120.7360.305
 Hours spent below range (<3.9 mmol/L)0.61 ± 1.650.82 ± 2.300.6020.812
Measures of glycemic variability
 MAGE5.61 ± 2.755.94 ± 2.600.0140.193
 CONGA8.07 ± 2.498.20 ± 2.850.4960.699
 SD of daily mean (mmol/L)2.33 ± 1.072.51 ± 1.100.0020.803
  • Data are mean ± SD. All values have been log-transformed to address skew. CONGA, continuous overall improvement in net glycemic action.