Table 1

Demographic, diabetes, and CGM characteristics

VariableValue
Institution
 CHOP105 (97.2)
 UF Health Shands Children’s Hospital3 (2.8)
Child age (years)13.35 ± 2.74, 8–17
Child sex (female)49 (45.8)
Child race
 White78 (72.9)
 African American17 (15.9)
 Asian4 (3.7)
 Other8 (7.5)
Child Hispanic ethnicity (yes)14 (13.1)
Parent sex (female)101 (94.4)
Income
 <$20,000–$39,99914 (13.1)
 $40,000–$59,99910 (9.4)
 $60,000–$79,99914 (13.1)
 $80,000–$99,99912 (11.2)
 ≥$100,00054 (50.5)
 Refused3 (2.8)
Parent education
 Some or completed high school17 (15.9)
 Some college or technical school after high school16 (15)
 College graduate49 (45.8)
 Some postcollege graduate education3 (2.8)
 Master’s, PhD, MD, law degree, and others22 (20.6)
Employment status
 Not currently employed21 (19.6)
 Working part-time17 (16)
 Working full-time69 (64.5)
Family structure
 Two parents74 (69.2)
 Two parents (step-family)12 (11.2)
 Single parent21 (19.6)
Insulin delivery
 Pump54 (50)
 Basal bolus injections54 (50)
Illness duration (years)*5.33 ± 4, 0.28–16.12
HbA1c (CHOP only)
 Baseline (%)8.18 ± 1.70, 5.2–14
 Baseline (mmol/mol)66 ± 18.6, 33–130
 Follow-up (%)7.97 ± 1.54, 5.2–14
 Follow-up (mmol/mol)64 ± 16.8, 33–130
Dexcom device type
 G4/G5 with receiver7 (7.1)
 G5 with smart phone40 (40.4)
 G6 with receiver6 (6.1)
 G6 with smart phone46 (46.5)
  • Data are n (%) or mean ± SD, range.

  • * There were two child participants whose parents indicated that the duration of diagnosis was >6 months during screening, but medical chart review at a later date indicated duration of diagnosis <6 months (one was 5.5 months; one was 3.4 months). We opted to retain these participants in the analysis. CHOP, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.