Table 1

Sample demographics

Sample (N = 356)Percentage or mean (SD)
Age, years61.8 (10.2)
Years of education12.9 (3.1)
Hours worked per week10.8 (18.8)
Health statusa2.5 (0.8)
Diabetes duration, years11.5 (9.1)
Site
 Academic medical center47.1
 Veterans Affairs medical center52.8
Sex
 Female29.8
 Male70.1
Marital status
 Not married50.2
 Married49.7
Race/ethnicity
 White41.8
 Black54.5
 Hispanic/other3.7
Insurance status
 None13.1
 Private20.7
 Government66.2
Annual income, USD
 0–9,99919.4
 10,000–19,99926.4
 20,000–34,99921.5
 ≥35,00032.8
  • aHealth status range: 1 = poor to 5 = excellent.