Table 2

Independent factors associated with delay discounting and delay aversion

Sample characteristicDelay discountingDelay aversion
B (95% CI)B (95% CI)
Age−0.01 (−0.05; 0.04)−0.03 (−0.09; 0.03)
Years of education−0.24 (−0.38; −0.98)**−0.26 (−0.45; −0.07)**
Hours worked per week−0.01 (−0.03; 0.02)−0.01 (−0.04; 0.02)
Health status−0.08 (−0.57; 0.41)−0.63 (−1.27; 0.01)ǁ
Diabetes duration−0.02 (−0.07; 0.02)−0.02 (−0.08; 0.04)
Veterans Affairs medical center site0.69 (−0.33; 1.71)0.61 (−0.72; 1.95)
Male sex0.62 (−0.46; 1.69)0.66 (−0.74; 2.08)
Married0.49 (−0.39; 1.38)0.62 (−0.54; 1.78)
Race/ethnicity
 Black−0.41 (−1.33; 0.50)−0.72 (−1.93; 0.48)
 Hispanic/other0.63 (−1.53; 2.79)−1.94 (−4.76; 0.88)
Insurance
 Private0.39 (−1.13; 1.92)0.80 (−1.20; 2.81)
 Government0.53 (−0.73; 1.79)0.57 (−1.10; 2.23)
Income, USD
 10,000–19,9990.27 (−1.02; 1.56)0.56 (−1.13; 2.26)
 20,000–34,9990.12 (−1.33; 1.57)0.92 (−0.99; 2.83)
 ≥35,000−0.73 (−2.24; 0.77)0.82 (−1.16; 2.79)
  • Reference groups: academic medical center site, female sex, not married, White race, no insurance, income <$10,000. B, unstandardized β coefficient.

  • Statistically significant at **P < 0.01, ǁP = 0.054.