Table 3

Relationships between prenatal exposures and OFC responses to food cues (relative to non-food cues)

ModelGDM vs. unexposedPrepregnancy BMI
β (SE)*P valueβ (SE)*P value
Model 00.054 (0.030)0.0710.006 (0.011)0.611
Model 10.052 (0.031)0.1020.005 (0.011)0.663
Model 20.051 (0.032)0.1060.005 (0.011)0.693
Model 30.050 (0.032)0.1240.005 (0.012)0.683
  • Model 0, unadjusted; model 1, adjusted for child’s age and sex, maternal education, and maternal race/ethnicity; model 2, model 1 + maternal other exposure (prepregnancy BMI for GDM or GDM status for prepregnancy BMI); model 3, model 2 + child’s physical activity level.

  • * Regression coefficient (SE) from linear regression models. For GDM-related results, a positive β means greater OFC responses to food vs. non-food cues in the GDM group than in the unexposed group, whereas a negative β means the opposite data pattern. For prepregnancy BMI-related results, a positive β means a positive relationship between prepregnancy BMI and OFC responses to food vs. non-food cues, whereas a negative β means a negative relationship.