Table 1

Clinical characteristics of the total population and according to HbA1c categories

CharacteristicNTotal populationHbA1c ≤53HbA1c 54–62HbA1c ≥63P
Number of patients, n79 (100)21 (26.6)22 (27.8)36 (46.6)
Age, years7967 ± 1067 ± 868 ± 1068 ± 110.94
Sex, n of men7943 (54)13 (62)14 (64)16 (44)0.10
Diabetes duration, years7917 ± 1014.2 ± 12.017.4 ± 8.818.1 ± 10.20.39
BMI, kg/m27831.6 ± 4.530.7 ± 4.331.5 ± 4.932.2 ± 4.40.48
Basal regimen, n7923 (29)7 (33)4 (18)12 (33)0.18
Basal bolus/plus regimen, n7934 (43)8 (38)9 (41)17 (47)0.48
Mixed regimen, n7914 (18)4 (19)6 (27)4 (11)0.12
Bolus only regimen, n798 (10)2 (10)3 (14)3 (8)0.51
Total daily units of insulin, units/day7964 ± 4154 ± 4056 ± 3374 ± 440.11
Metformin, n7959 (75)15 (71)18 (82)26 (72)0.36
Sulfonylureas, n7913 (16)3 (14)4 (18)6 (17)0.73
Fat percentage, %7434.8 ± 9.033.5 ± 8.632.3 ± 8.436.9 ± 9.30.14
Predicted muscle mass, kg7555.0 ± 13.255.3 ± 8.455.2 ± 15.354.7 ± 14.40.99
Waist-to-hip ratio791.00 ± 0.071.0 ± 01.0 ± 0.11.0 ± 0.10.38
SBP, mmHg78127 ± 13123.0 ± 12.0129.3 ± 9.5127.3 ± 14.80.27
DBP, mmHg7873 ± 1070.8 ± 9.176.2 ± 8.771.3 ± 11.70.15
Heart rate, bpm7673 ± 1271.8 ± 12.072.6 ± 10.673.2 ± 12.70.91
Alcohol intake, units/month782 (0–24)0 (0–20)7.5 (0–42)2 (0–8)0.22
Pack-years, packs/day × year726 (0–22)14 (0–62)9 (0–16.5)0 (0–18.5)0.049
Microvascular disease, n7950 (63)10 (48)14 (64)26 (72)0.06
Macrovascular disease, n7930 (38)10 (48)8 (36)12 (33)0.28
  • Data are mean ± SD or median (IQR). bpm, beats per minute; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.