Table 1

Baseline patient characteristics

HBOT (n = 49)Sham (n = 54)
Age (years)61 (12) n = 4762 (12)
Male sex31 (63)38 (70)
HbA1c (%)8.27 (1.92), n = 438.03 (2.05), n = 51
BMI (kg/m2)31.1 (6.8)29.8 (5.0)
Diabetes duration (years)19.1 (11.5)12.4 (10.0)
Type 1 diabetes (n)61
Type 2 diabetes (n)4353
Hypertension32 (65.3)41 (75.9)
Current smoker24 (49.0)30 (55.6)
Hyperlipidemia33 (67.3)39 (72.2)
Statins33 (65.0)32 (51.0)
History of stroke4 (8.2)4 (7.4)
Previous peripheral artery revascularization6 (12.2)7 (13.0)
Previous amputation3 (6)4 (7)
Manual length (cm)2.5 (1.8)2.5 (1.9)
 Min, max0.5, 8.90.5, 10.5
Manual width (cm)1.5 (1.0)1.7 (1.2)
 Min, max0.5, 4.50.3, 5
Manual depth (mm)0.6 (1.3)0.6 (0.7)
 Min, max0.0, 9.00.0, 4.5
Digital wound area (cm2)3.8 (4.8)3.6 (5.7)
 Min, max0.0, 19.60.1, 26.9
No. of days with ulcer235 (227)336 (528)
 Min, max28, 1,08028, 3,650
Wagner grade
 10 (0)0 (0)
 223 (46.9)23 (42.6)
 322 (44.9)29 (53.7)
 44 (8.2)2 (3.7)
 50 (0)0 (0)
Bates-Jensen wound assessment score34.2 (5.2)34.3 (4.3)
  • Data are mean (SD) or n (%) unless otherwise indicated.