Table 1

Main anthropometric and biochemical values at baseline

ILI (N = 61)Usual care (N = 61)P
Age, years43.8 ± 10.843.0 ± 9.70.684
Weight, kg84.8 ± 24.887.1 ± 22.80.586
BMI, kg/m235.4 ± 8.535.2 ± 7.30.916
Body fat, %42.2 ± 7.143.5 ± 6.10.296
Waist circumference, cm106.9 ± 15.4109.0 ± 15.00.449
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg119.1 ± 19.0123.0 ± 16.70.225
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg77.3 ± 11.379.8 ± 11.00.213
Metabolic profile
 Fasting glucose, mg/dL (mmol/L)102 ± 9.5 (5.7 ± 0.5)101.5 ± 11.1 (5.6 ± 0.6)0.807
 2-h glucose, mg/dL (mmol/L)146.7 ± 29.4 (8.1 ± 1.6)143.2 ± 29.8 (7.9 ± 1.7)0.518
 2-h glucose excursion, mg/dL (mmol/L)44.7 ± 32.2 (2.5 ± 1.8)41.7 ± 34.8 (2.3 ± 1.9)0.620
 Fasting insulin, μU/mL (pmol/L)23.6 ± 12.0 (141.6 ± 72)34.0 ± 14.2 (204 ± 85.2)0.0004
 HOMA-IR6.0 ± 3.38.5 ± 4.00.0019
 HbA1c, % (mmol/mol)5.8 ± 0.36 (40 ± 3.9)6.0 ± 0.33 (42 ± 3.6)0.072
 ALT, units/L27 ± 18.826.5 ± 26.60.915
Lipids
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL (mmol/L)199.5 ± 39.6 (5.2 ± 1.0)181.4 ± 31.2 (4.7 ± 0.8)0.006
 LDL cholesterol, mg/dL (mmol/L)118 ± 35.4 (3.1 ± 0.9)106.2 ± 25.8 (2.7 ± 0.7)0.038
 HDL cholesterol, mg/dL (mmol/L)49.5 ± 12.7 (1.3 ± 0.3)49.0 ± 9.7 (1.3 ± 0.3)0.83
 Triglycerides, mg/dL (mmol/L)162.7 ± 87.2 (1.8 ± 0.9)129.1 ± 52.3 (1.4 ± 0.6)0.012
  • Data are means ± SD. P value represents result of an independent t test.