Table 2

Blood glucose peak and time to blood glucose peak after the LGI and HGI meals

LGIHGIP
EVOOButterLow fatEVOOButterLow fat
Blood glucose peak (mmol/L)*4.5 ± 1.84.8 ± 3.64.5 ± 2.84.3 ± 0.96.1 ± 1.15.4 ± 1.20.491
Time to blood glucose peak (min)261 ± 113265 ± 111234 ± 114190 ± 101133 ± 104146 ± 810.003
  • Data are mean ± SD.

  • P < 0.05 vs. butter or low-fat HGI meals by post hoc analysis of repeated-measures ANOVA;

  • *maximal blood glucose excursion from the fasting value over the 6-h postprandial period;

  • †time of maximal blood glucose excursion.